Between 2003 -2005, Dr Vijendran worked as a Research Associate developing the Atomic Force Microscope that will fly to Mars as part of NASA’s 2007 Phoenix mission. He was tasked with testing the microscope under Mars environmental conditions on simulated Martian dust and soil. After that he was working back at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, and was being funded by a spin-out company called Cambridge Lab-on-a-Chip to develop a prototype device that can be used in pharmaceutical research and medical diagnostics. They used a propriety technology which allowed the pumping of very small amount of fluids on a microchip using low voltage electric fields. This could lead to the development of disposable testing devices for rapid bacteria/virus detection and cancer screening etc.